Rajasthan - Trekking Hiking Walking
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FLORA & FAUNA

FLORA
The unique ecosystem harbors 480 species of plants including 107 of trees, 55 of shrubs, 215 of herbs, 45 of climbers, 40 of grass and 15 species of lower plants.(all numbers approx.) Modad, khair, dhavado, saledi, kadaya, timru, khakhara, bor, desi bavalia, bili, dudhi, golar, karanj, arjun sadad, jamun, behda etc. are some local names for common species found here. The common & scientific names for species found here are - Aam (Magnifera Indica), Imli (Tamarindicus indica), Babul (Accasia nilotica), Banyan (Ficus benghalensis), Ber (Zizyphus mauritania), Dhak or Chila (flame of the forest), Jamun (Syzygium cumini), Kadam (Authocephalus cadamba), Khajur (Phoenix sylvestris), Khair (Accacia catechu), Karel (Capparis decidua), Khejda (Prosopis specigera), Kakera (Flacourtia indica), Mohua (Madhuca indica), Neem (Azadirachta indica), etc.

FAUNA
Tiger is the top carnivore of Aravalis, mainly found in Sariska, Ranthambore & Sawai Man Singh Sanctuaries in North – West Rajasthan. Leopard is the top carnivore in The Aravalis in South Rajasthan, which roams freely in the diverse habitat conditions. Important animals: Leopard, rhesus macaque, sloth bear, Indian civet cat, Indian porcupine, hyena, wild boar, wolf, jackal, hare, Black faced Monkey or The Hanuman Langur, Bluebull etc.

IMPORTANT BIRDS
The variety of birds inhabiting the sanctuary includes bulbul, Indian roller, woodpecker, grey hornbill, peafowl, barbet, shrikes etc. and many raptors.

CLICK HERE FOR BIRD'S CHECK LIST


THE CLIMATE
The temperature range is extreme with the mercury dipping to around 2 degrees centigrade in the winters and rising all the way up to 47 degrees centigrade in the summers. Mount Abu & areas of Kumbhalgarh are much cooler. Though ,some areas around Udaipur & Bundi may get very hot.

MAN - ANIMAL CONFLICT:
Conflict is bound to occur when a life-form encroaches upon others' 'house' or territory. Man destroyed habitats of the wildlife, killed it and pushed it away to survive in small pockets of natural forest. Wildlife does not recognize legal boundary and intends to use its own areas, which are now occupied by man. Man complains about damage caused by wildlife, but how can innocent animals make their case? It is not correct to say here man-wildlife conflict; it is virtually, millions of people versus few surviving animals. In the struggle for survival, wild animals were victorious before the growth of man's civilized society. But they are now losers everywhere in the world. In the long run however, it seems, man is not going to be a winner in this game. Bluebull, wild boar, wild ass, leopard and blackbuck cause serious problems in some areas of the state. Bluebull population has increased to an unbearable extent during the last two decades. With disappearance of scrub forest and grassland they started raiding agricultural fields Farmers retaliate by lodging complaints to the Forest Department and politicians, as people do not believe in killing them. There had been farmers' demonstrations in several districts, against crop damage by bluebull. To resolve conflicts, once ,Forest Department issued license to kill some animals in some areas. A section of people opposed and the process was suspended. Wild boar's population in the State is as high as that of bluebull. They damage agricultural crops by digging and cause considerable loss to the farmer. Problems of crop raids by blackbuck are restricted to certain pockets. Leopards in all parts of the state are dependent on livestock. They visit villages in search of water and food. Population management of this animal in its degrading habitat is now a major challenge for the public authorities. People & shepherd communities sometimes retaliate by poisoning leopard's kill.

WILDLIFE SPECIES

NAME OF SPECIES

NAME OF SPECIES

THE LEOPARD OR PANTHER
(Panthera pardus)

THE SLOTH BEAR
(Ursus ursinus)

SPOTTED DEER
(Axis axis)

TIGER
(Panthera tigris)

PANGOLIN
(Manis Crassicaudata)

SHOVELLER
(Anas clypeata)

RATEL OR HONEY BADGER
(Mellibora capensis)

FOUR HORNED ANTELOPE
(Tetracerus quadricornis)

THE FOX
(Vulpes bengalensis)

SAMBAR
(Cervus unicolor)

INDIAN GOLDEN JACKAL
(Canis aureus)

BARKING DEER
(Muntiacus muntjack)

THE INDIAN GREY WOLF
(Canis lupus pallipes)

BLACK BUCK
(Antelope cervicapra)

STRIPED HYENA
(Hyena hyena)

INDIAN ROCK PYTHON
(Python molurus)

RUSTY SPOTTED CAT
(Felis rubiginosa)

MARSH CROCODILE
(Crocodilus palustris)

CARACAL (Caracal caracal)

COMMON DOLPHIN
(Delphinus delphis)

NILGAI OR BLUE BULL
(Boselaphus tragocamelus)

INDIAN GIANT SQUIRREL
(Ratufa indica)

JUNGLE CAT Felis chaus

SMOOTH INDIAN OTTER
(Lutra perspicillata)


The Reptiles of Aravalis & in the Forest Reserves & Parks:
Snub Nosed Marsh Crocodiles, Desert Monitor Lizards, Tortoise, Banded Kraits, Cobras, Common Kraits, Ganga Soft Shelled Turtles, Indian Pythons, North Indian Flap Shelled Turtles, Rat Snakes, Russell’s Vipers, Saw-scaled Vipers and the Indian Chameleon.

The Fish
Rajasthan due its numerous water bodies has a relatively large variety of fish to boast of. The commonly found species are: Bita (Labio Rohita), Catla (Catla), Greyei (Chhana matulion), Lanchi (Walago auto), Mahseer (Tor tor), Mirgal (Cirrchinus mrigala), Rohu (Labio rohita), Savan (Chhana punctatus), and Seenghara (Mystus seenghala).
 

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